What is DKA?
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. It develops when your body can't produce enough insulin, which helps the sugar (glucose) enter your cells and produce energy. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as fuel... we need the energy from somewhere! The fat breakdown produces acids and if the blood is too acidic, some of the body’s systems stop functioning properly or functioning at all if too late.
What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose/sugar (gly) in the blood (emia). Our body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin. This is generally a blood sugar level higher than 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl), but symptoms may not start to become noticeable until even higher values such as 13.9–16.7 mmol/l (~250–300 mg/dl). For diabetics, glucose levels that are considered to be too hyperglycemic can vary from person to person, but on average chronic levels above 10–12 mmol/L (180–216 mg/dl) can produce noticeable organ damage over time.
Acute hyperglycemia involving glucose levels that are extremely high is a medical emergency and can rapidly produce serious complications. If the hyperglycemia is untreated, the person can go in DKA (ketoacidosis, see ‘What is DKA?’) Or face nonketotic hyperosmolar syndrome
What is Hypoglycemia or Hypo?
What do I mean when I talk about ‘injection’?
What is Metformin?
Metformin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. It is usually used along with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Sometimes is used together with insulin or other medications, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes. It is a biguanide antihyperglycemic agent and it works by decreasing glucose production by the liver and by increasing the insulin sensitivity of body tissues.
What is 'Honeymoon Period'?
The “honeymoon period” is a phase that some (not all) people with type 1 diabetes experience shortly after being diagnosed. During this time, a person with diabetes seems to get better and may only need minimal amounts of insulin.Some people even experience normal or near-normal blood sugar levels without taking insulin.
This happens because the remaining pancreas cells are still making some insulin. Once those cells die, your pancreas can’t start making enough insulin again. Your blood sugar is often easier to control during the honeymoon period. Because of this, some people (including me!!!) try to extend the honeymoon phase. Everyone’s honeymoon period is different, and there isn’t a set time frame for when it begins and ends. The phase can last weeks, months, or even years.